This guide is for low-level students writing their TOEFL that is first independent. Advanced students may decide to skip directly to our advanced guide.
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(note, students in a hurry might wish to skip straight to our TOEFL essay templates)
Start with making an outline of one’s essay. Consider the picture below:
The student starts by writing a “main point” at the top of the chart. This really is her “answer” to the relevant question posed by the exam.
Below the main point the student writes two “reasons” to aid the main point. These are broad and never too specific. However, they have to be unique. The reason why should not be similar to each other.
The student writes two “details. below each one of the reasons” These are more specific. They offer the good reasons and explain why they usually have cited the reasons. They may also include examples through the student’s life that support the causes.
Here’s an illustration outline for the question: “What is the gift that is best to give to a child?” It absolutely was written by an student that is actual. Consider it closely:
The student has filled into the outline using point-form notes (not complete sentences). Her main point is gift that is“Best pet.”
Her two reasons are “it is educational” and “it is a good friend.”
The main points through the reason that is first “learn responsibility” and “learn stages of life.” The facts from the second reason are “never judgmental” and “children often alone these days.” The student has bigger ideas. she actually is going to write about how care that is taking of pet teaches responsibility and she is going to write that students are along because their parents in many cases are away. but the outline is just her ideas that are initial.
The remainder of this article will show how to turn this outline into a essay that is complete. I’ll use English that is simple throughout article. Advanced level students should probably use more vocabulary that is advanced sentence structure.
I teach my students to publish a four paragraph essay into the independent writing section. This type of essay is long enough and may be completed in the time allowed. Higher level students might try writing a five essay that is paragraph.
The four paragraph structure is:
- Introductory Paragraph
- Body Paragraph 1
- Body Paragraph 2
- Concluding Paragraph
Let’s start with the paragraph that is introductory
My students use a sentence-by-sentence strategy to write their introductions. The technique is this:
- Sentence one: A “hook.” It is an sentence that is interesting comes before most of your point. It references the relevant question and draws your reader to the essay.
- Sentence two: Your main point. In a single good, clear sentence state your primary point. Don’t be too much time. Get to the purpose!
- Sentence three: a sentence that is transitional. Try something like “I feel this real way for two reasons.»
- Sentence four: a single sentence summary of your first reason. Begin this sentence with “first” (you can leave this out if you should be low on time).
- Sentence five: a single sentence summary of the second reason. Begin this sentence with “second” (you can leave this out if you are low on time).
Referring to the question above and utilising the given template, you could write an introduction similar to this:
“There are many great gifts that can be fond of a child. In my opinion that the gift that is best to give a young child is a pet. Personally I think this way for just two main reasons, that I will explore within the essay that is following. First, a pet can be extremely educational. Second, a pet can be a beneficial friend to a young child.
Remember that there aren’t any references to your details in this paragraph. Save those when it comes to body paragraphs.
Third step: Writing a physical body paragraph
This is your chance to show your essay off writing ability. I don’t teach a model that is strict this part of the essay.
I do however, have some basic rules. They’ve been:
- Each reason gets its very own paragraph. Do not combine your reasons into one paragraph.
- Start your first paragraph with a transitional word or phrase like “first,” “to start with,” and your next paragraph with “second» or «secondly.»
- At the start of each body paragraph, clearly state your reason. Avoid using a hook, get to the just point. Next, state your details one after another, expanding each one of these to three or four sentences. You can easily expand by including a example that is personal your life. Including examples that are personal your lifetime within the essay is okay. In reality, i would recommend it.
- You will need to use transitional phrases in in the middle of your details (“moreover,” “furthermore,” “also”).
Here is an illustration body paragraph made making use of the above outline:
«To begin with, a pet is a very educational gift. Having a pet teaches children responsibility. A pet has got to be fed every and be given a chance to exercise day. Who owns a pet has also to see the ongoing health of their pet and do something if it becomes sick. Practicing this variety of responsibility can make a young child more aged. Moreover, a pet can really help teach a child about the stages of life. Animals grow considerably faster than humans and a young child can learn a whole lot by observing how their pet grows up. I had a pet gecko as a young child and watching it grow from a child to a full-sized adult taught me a whole lot and got me very interested in biology and nature.»
Remember that this paragraph followed the outline above quite closely. I stated my reason and then supported it with details. I expanded the details significantly through the point-form used in my outline.
My second body paragraph is written in much the same manner:
«Secondly, I feel that a pet makes great friend. It really is beneficial to children to have pets since they are never judgmental. A child could have a bad trip to school or he may get in a fight together with friends, but he can never fight together with his pet. It will love him unconditionally. Furthermore, pets can prevent children from being lonely. These days parents in many cases are too busy to pay time with regards to children. They frequently leave their kids home alone. This might leave some kids feeling lonely, but people that have pets will never feel alone.«
And that’s the whole body of my essay! Pay attention to the way I used transitional words («moreover» and «furthermore») in the middle the two details in each paragraph.
I’m not a large fan of lengthy concluding paragraphs, due to the fact the independent essay is pretty short. But I do teach a three sentence technique:
- Sentence one: re-state your main point and begin with a phrase like “to sum it up…”
- Sentence two: restate your two reasons, starting with a transitional phrase like “this is because…”
- Sentence three: once more, restate your point that is main but different words
Here’s a conclusion for the essay we’ve been using the services of:
“To sum it up, personally i think that a pet may be the very best gift to provide to a child. The reason being pets are extremely educational, and they make great friends. There really is no better gift that a young child can receive than a pet.»