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Adjectives and Adverbs
Definition – Adjectives are words that describe nouns or pronouns. They may come prior to the word they describe (This is certainly a cute puppy.) Or they may follow the expressed word they describe (That puppy is cute.).
Adverbs are words that modify everything but nouns and pronouns. They modify adjectives, verbs, along with other adverbs. A word is an adverb if it answers how, when, or where.
The adverbs that are only cause grammatical problems are those that answer the question how, so we will concentrate on these.
He speaks slowly.
Answers the question how.
He speaks very slowly.
Answers the question how slowly.
Generally, if a expressed word answers the question how, it is an adverb. It, place it there if it can have an ly added to.
She thinks slow/slowly.
She thinks how? slowly.
This woman is a slow/slowly thinker.
Slow does not answer how so no ly is attached. Slow is an adjective here.
She thinks fast/fastly.
Fast answers the question how, so it’s an adverb. But fast never has an ly mounted on it.
We performed bad/badly.
Badly describes the way we performed.
A particular ly rule applies when four of the senses – taste, smell, look, feel – are the verbs. Do not ask if these senses answer fully the question how to ly determine if ought to be attached. Instead, ask if the sense verb has been used actively. If so, use the ly.
Roses smell sweet/sweetly.
Do the roses actively smell with noses? No, so no ly.
The lady looked angry/angrily.
Did the woman actively look with eyes or are we describing her appearance?
We are only describing appearance, so no ly.
The woman looked angry/angrily at the paint splotches.
Here the lady did actively look with eyes so that the ly is added.
She feels bad/badly about the news.
This woman is not feeling with fingers, so no ly cheap write my paper.
Your message good is an while that is adjective is an adverb answering the question how.
You did a job that is good.
Good describes the work.
You did the working job well.
Well answers how.
You smell good today.
Describes your odour, not the way you smell together with your nose, so follow utilizing the adjective.
You smell well for someone with a cold.
You will be actively smelling with a nose here so follow with the adverb.
When referring to health, always utilize well.
Examples I do not feel well.
You may not look well today.
You might use good with feel when you’re not referring to health.
Personally I think good about my decision to master Spanish.
A common error in using adjectives and adverbs comes from using the incorrect form for comparison. As an example, to spell it out one thing we would say poor, such as, «this woman is poor.» To compare a few things, we should say poorer, such as, «She is the poorer associated with the two women.» To compare more than a few things, we should say poorest, as in, «She is the poorest of them all.»
- More efficient*
Three or maybe more
- Most efficient *
*Usually with words of three or even more syllables, do not add -er or -est. Use more or most in front for the words.
Never drop the ly from an adverb with all the comparison form.
She spoke quickly.
She spoke more quickly than he did.
She spoke quicker than he did.
Talk more quietly.
If this, that, these, and people are accompanied by nouns, they are adjectives. When they appear without a noun following them, these are typically pronouns.
This house is for sale.
That is an adjective here.
This is certainly on the market.
That is a pronoun here.
This and therefore are singular, whether they are being used as adjectives or as pronouns. This points to something nearby while that points to something «over there.»
This dog is mine.
That dog is hers.
This can be mine.
That is hers.
These and people are plural, whether or not they are increasingly being used as adjectives or as pronouns. These points to something nearby while those true points to something «over there.»
These babies have now been smiling for a time that is long.
These are mine.
Those babies have now been crying all night.
Those are yours.
Use rather than show comparison. Use then to answer the relevant question when.
I would rather go skiing than rock climbing.
First we went skiing; then we went rock climbing